Friday marked a new chapter of leadership in Tanzania as the first-ever female president, Samia Suluhu Hassan, took the oath of office.
The inauguration was witnessed by members of the cabinet and former presidents at the statehouse in Dar es Salaam.
The 61-year-old Hassan was Magufuli’s vice president, first elected with him in 2015 and re-elected last year. She will serve out the remaining four years of the late Magufuli’s term, which ends in October 2025.
Some Tanzanian citizens say Hassan’s new leadership could bring about positive changes to the country..
“We are praying [for] the best to her,” Joseph Aboubakar, who lives in Dar es Salaam, told VOA. “Our mother has already taken the country’s leadership and we believe she will lead the country in a good direction.”
Aboubakar added that Hassan is not new to leadership, as she has been in a top position for more than five years.
Kyande Muro, a small kiosk owner in Dar es Salaam, said raising people’s incomes would be the best thing the new president could do, and that he would like the new president to attract more investment in the country so people in the streets can find jobs.
Some see Hassan’s presidency as challenging the stereotype that women cannot hold top leadership positions.
Rose Reuben, a chairperson of the Tanzania Media Women Association, said she believes that Tanzania is going to move forward under Hassan’s leadership.
Magufuli died Wednesday in a Dar es Salaam hospital, twenty days after his last public appearance. The late president was rumored to be suffering from COVID-19, which he long denied was present in Tanzania. However, Hassan said he died of heart failure.
Magufuli will be buried next Thursday at his home in Chato, in the northwestern region of Geita.
Samia Suluhu Hassan on Friday was sworn in as Tanzania’s president, making the history as becoming the first female leader of the East African country.
Across East Africa, all eyes were glued on television sets to watch Suluhu, 61, taking her oath following the sudden and controversial death of his predecessor John Pombe Magufuli.
“I Samia Suluhu Hassan, swear and solemnly affirm that I will be faithful to the United Republic of Tanzania, and serve it with all my heart, and that I will preserve and defend the constitution of the union of Tanzania in accordance with the law laid down, so help me God,” Suluhu said while taking her presidential oath.
“I swear that I will undertake my presidential duties for Tanzania faithfully and conscientiously fulfill those responsibilities,” she told the ceremony attended by military and government officials.
Hassan inspected a guard of honor and received a gun salute from the military.
Funeral ceremony for Magufuli
In her first statement as the president of Tanzania, Suluhu told the nation: “The oath I took today of office is different and unlike any other I have ever taken in comfort, excitement and joy. I took this oath with sorrow and all across the country there is great sadness, I took this oath on a day of mourning.”
“For this I am sorry.”
She announced a 21-day mourning for Magufuli, adding that all flags of Tanzania will fly at half-mast for the period.
She also said that the body of the late president will be moved from the Lugalo Military Hospital to St. Peters Church in the capital for prayers on Saturday and later to Uhuru Park where Tanzanian leaders will bid farewell.
His body will be moved from city to city all through the week for people to view it and say goodbye, and the deceased Tanzanian leader will be received in Chato region on Thursday for the funeral service.
Magufuli died of a heart condition at the age of 61 on Wednesday.
His death came after two weeks of speculation about his health on suspicion of contracting COVID-19.
Magufuli had declared that COVID-19 was defeated in his country, attributing it “to God’s help,” even when the World Health Organization asked the cooperation of the government.
But he had recently acknowledged that the virus was still being transmitted when Seif Sharif Hamad, vice president of semi-autonomous Zanzibar, reportedly died of COVID-19.
Not new to public office
Before taking the office of the president, Suluhu served as the vice president for six years. The Muslim woman became the first Tanzanian vice president when she took the office in 2015.
The mother of four also served as a member of the Zanzibar House of Representatives in 2000-2005. It was also during this time that she was elected as the minister of labour by then President Amani Karume.
Suluhu served as the Zanzibar minister of tourism in 2005-2010. She was the parliamentary member of Makunduchi area of Tanzania in 2010-2015.